Derived from the Greek word "plastikos," meaning to mold or give form,
the specialty of plastic surgery encompasses two general categories:
Reconstructive surgery is performed on abnormal structures of the body, caused
by congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumors,
or disease. It is generally performed to improve function, but may also be done
to approximate a normal appearance.
Cosmetic surgery is performed to reshape normal structures of the body in order
to improve the patient's appearance and self-esteem.