Cosmetic eyelid surgery or Blepharoplasty is done to improve the appearance of the upper or lower eyelids.
The primary goal of upper eyelid surgery is to remove the excess skin and fat, whereas the goal of lower eyelid surgery is to remove mostly excess fat. The fat in the lower eyelids is a genetic trait and is referred to by many as puffiness. Typically, patients will say that they look older than they feel when they look in the mirror.
Upper and lower eyelid surgery can be performed alone or in conjunction with additional cosmetic surgery such as a Facelift or Rhinoplasty surgery. Eyelid surgery enhances one's appearance and gives a look of being well rested. With the aging process, the skin tends to relax, muscles tend to weaken, and the fat around the lower eye tends to protrude and accumulate around the eyes, resulting in a puffy appearance.
The incision for an upper Blepharoplasty procedure is made following the natural eyelid crease. After the precise measurement of fat and excess skin is removed, the incision is closed with dissolvable sutures.
The lower eyelid incision is on the inside of the lower eyelids. If there is excess skin on the outside portion of their lower eyelids, a small pinch is removed beneath the eyelash line. This is typically closed with a tissue glue adhesive. The incision is nearly imperceptible at three to four weeks after surgery.